Read Multiple Choice Question or MCQ written on Cut Flowers Multiple Choice Questions. Cut flowers is an important topic in floriculture. Here, in this post we have explained about some important questions from the topic cut flowers.
These questions are important for the various agricultural competition exams such as ICAR JRF, SRF, NET, BHU, State Agricultural CET, IBPS AFO etc.
Topic: Floriculture Mock Test, Floriculture Quiz, Floriculture MCQ, Floriculture Objective Questions.
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Cut Flowers Multiple Choice Questions with Explanations
Also read: Multiple Choice Questions on Floriculture
Question 01. Which type of chrysanthemum is the leading chrysanthemum in the Indian flowers trade?
(a). Spray chrysanthemum.
(b). Standard chrysanthemum.
(c). Both a and b.
(d). None of the above.
What is standard type chrysanthemum?
We say it standard, when..
- The plant has only one stem.
- It bears only one large bloom on the top of the main stem.
The Scientific name of Chrysathemum is Chrysanthemum indicum. However, it is the cut chrysathemum which is known as Dendranthema grandiflora.
It is a cross between Chrysanthemum and morifoilum. So, it is a hybrid.
Another name is Florist’s Daisy.
Example: Bonfire Orange, Bonfire Yellow.
What is spray chrysanthemum?
A chrysanthemum plant with multiple branching and multiple flower heads is spray chrysanthemum.
Spray types lead in international flower trade.
Example: Reagan Yellow, Reagan White.
Answer: (b). Standard chrysanthemum leads in Indian flower trade.
Question 02. Rose can be used as..?
(a). Cut flower.
(c). Source of vitamin.
(d). All of the above.
- Shrub is a bush plant.
- The all parts of a shrub is woody.
- And, the height of shrub ranges from 50 cm to 4 m.
- Flowers which are harvested along with some leaves and stem
- A cut flower may also be a loose flower.
Example : Rose chrysathemum.
Source of vitamin
- Rose hip is the source of vitamin.
- It is source of vitamin ‘C’.
- Botanically, rose hip is the fruit of rose.
Rose hip rose ke fruit hote Hain.
Answer: (d). All of the above.
Question 03. The hybrid tea is a cross between..?
(a). Perpetual × polianthus.
(b). Polianthus × Hybrid perpetual.
(c). Hybrid perpetual × tea rose.
(d). Floribundas × tea rose.
What is tea rose?
- Tea roses are standard rose.
- La France is the first hybrid tea rose which was developed in 1867.
Answer: (c). Hybrid perpetual × tea rose.
Question 04. The family of carnation is..?
- Scientific name of carnation is Dianthus caryophyllus.
- 2n number is 30.
- It is a diploid.
- Origin place is Southern Europe (France).
Answer: (b). Carnation belongs to the family carnation.
Question 05. Which carnation has 2 to 3 colours?
(d). All of the above.
- Self is the single colour carnation.
- Flake is also a single colour carnation.
- Bizzare is a border carnation.
Answer: (a). It is bizzare.
Question 06. Which is a variety of spray carnation?
(d). Peach delight.
Cool climate is ideal for standard carnation.
Warm climate is ideal for spray carnation.
Answer: (d). Peach delight is the variety of spray carnation.
Question 07. Pulsing is common in..?
What is pulsing?
Pulsing is a process to increase the vase life of flower by using chemicals.
An ideal pulsing solution includes following chemicals:
STS (Sodium tetradecyl sulfate) = 0.5 mM.
BA = 25 ppm.
Sucrose = 5%.
PH = The level of solution is 4.5.
The total duration of pulsing 20 minute.
Question 08. Which is true about the calyx splitting in carnation?
(a). Night temperature should not be above 10 °C.
(b). Night temperature should not be below 10 °C.
(c). Day temperature should not be below 10 °C.
(d). Day temperature should not be below above °C.
- Fluctuation in temperature.
- Use of more N fertilizer.
- Also depends on cultivars.
Answer: (b). Night temperature should not be below 10 °C.
Question 09. The stem length of red grade chrysathemum is..?
(a). 75 cm.
(b). 65 cm.
(c). 90 cm.
(d). 50 cm.
There are total 4 grades of chrysanthemum according to the stem length, they are > blue, red, green and yellow.
Blue red and green are strong grade.
The diameter of stem is also important.
Answer: (a). The stem length of red grade chrysanthemum is 75 cm.
Question 10. Who coined the word gladiolus?
(a). Alice Vonk.
(b). Peter Ramsay.
(c). Pliny the Elder.
(d). William Pannil.
- Gladiolus is a Latin word.
- It means > Like sword.
- The foliage of gladiolus looks like a sword.
Answer: (10). Pliny the Elder.
Question 11. The all modern day gladiolus cultivars are designated in..?
(a). G. grandiflorus.
(b). G. hybridus.
(c). G. floribundas.
(d). G. cardinalis.
Answer: (a). Grandiflorus.
Questions 12. The ideal day temperature for lillium is..?
(a). 10 – 15 ℃.
(b). 15 – 20 ℃.
(c). 25 – 30 ℃.
(d). 18 – 25 ℃.
The ideal night temperature for lilium is 12 – 18 °C.
- Lillium require partial shade.
- It is 40 – 50%.
Answer: (d). The ideal day temperature for lillium is 18 – 25 ℃.
Question 13. The harvesting stage of the lilium bulb is..?
(a). 40 – 50 days after flower.
(b). 50 – 70 days after flower.
(c). 35 – 45 days after flowering.
(d). 75 – 95 days after flower.
- Foliages turn in yellow colour.
- Initially, harvested bulbs are kept are moist sand in -2 ℃. Later, storage temperature should be 0 – 2 ℃.
Answer: (a). 40 – 50 days after flowering.
Question 14. The origin of orchids is..?
(b). Multiple origin.
Genera: There are 600 – 800 genera.
Species: There are 25 – 30 thousand species.
Cultivars: There are 50 – 60 thousand cultivars.
Species native to India
Most species are found in North – East India.
Answer: (b). Multiple origin.
Question 15. What is th optimum yield of gerbera in GH condition?
(a). 300 – 350 flowers/sm/year.
(b). 100 – 150 flowers/sm/year.
(c). 150 – 200 flowers/sm/year.
(d). 200 – 250 flowers/sm/year.
The pen field production is 120 to 150 flowers/sm/year.
Answer: (d). 200 – 250 flowers/sm/year.
Also read: Floriculture Online Mock Test