Soils of India MCQ

The major soil deposits of India

There are total six major soil deposits in India.

  1. Alluvial Soil.
  2. Black Soil.
  3. Red Soil.
  4. Laterite Soil.
  5. Desert Soil.
  6. Forest Soil.

Alluvial Soil

It is dominated in northern plains of India.
They have been deposited by major rivers such as Indus, Ganges and Bramh putra.
These are very fertile.
Rich in K and P elements. 5. It is ideal for sugarcane and cereal crops.

Black Soil

It is dominant in Deccan region.
It is made up of lava flows.
It is also known as regur soil.
It is poor in P contents but rich in Ca and K contents.
It is also known as black cotton soil.

Red Soil

The parent material is igneous rock.
Red colour of the soil is due to diffusion of iron in crystalline.
It also appears in yellow color depending on the physical condition.

Laterite Soil

It is dominant in TN and Karnataka.
Humus content of the soil is low.
Develops in high rainfall areas with high temperature.
It is ideal for crop like tea, coffee and cashew nut.

Desert soil

They are dominant in Indian state of Rajasthan.
The texture of the soil is sandy.
It is low fertile soil.
The soil is rich in salinity.
The soil also lacks humus contents.
The water holding capacity of the soil is very low.
It is ideal for local crop species.

Forest Soil

These type of soils are found in mountain and hilly areas.
In Himalayas, the upper region soils are less fertile while the soil near northern plains are fertile.
These soils are acidic but lacks in humus contents.

Other soil deposit of India

It is marine deposit.
These are dominant in coasts of India particularly south-west coast.
The soils are rich in organic matter.

Last updated: 04-08-2021

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