The Perennial Redgram is a species of redgram or pigeon pea or arhar (अरहर in Hindi). It is different from the seasonal species of redgram. Being perennial in nature, the species is not grown in a large area or in commercial scale. Generally it is grown in kitchen garden, home backyard, around a pond, field bunds etc.
GENERAL INFORMATION: REDGRAM
|Type||Agronomical plant, perennial plant|
|Common Name||Redgram, pigeon pea|
|Hindi Name||अरहर (arhar)|
|Scientific Name||Cajanus spp.|
|2n||It is diploid. 2n = 2× = 22.|
|Wild Relative||C. cajanifolia|
Flower: Larger than field redgram.
Pod Colour: Pink red or pinkish.
Tropical and subtropical.
Loam and sandy loam.
Chemical treatment: Carbendazim/thiram 2gm/kg of seed.
Organic treatment: Trichoderma viride 4gm/kg of seed.
40- 50gm per 100 metre bund.
Disease: Redgram sterility mosaic caused by redgram sterility mosaic virus.
Control: Affected plant should be uprooted and destroyed.
Insects: Pod borer is a serious pest. It is Helicoverpa armigera. Use azadirachtin a need based bio-pesticide @0.03%.
Leaves become pale. It is different from the leaf yellowing caused by the deficiency of N.
Midrib: Remains green.
Veins: Remain green.
Leaves: Stripped yellowing can be seen.
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